The Cleveland Bay... A bit of background
The Cleveland bay originated from Cleveland in the north of England. It is the oldest British breed, first established in the 17th century. The Cleveland Bay is known as the English Warmblood and is technically the last remaining pure breed of Warmblood horse in the world today. The purebred Cleveland Bay is now listed on the world rare and endangered breed list; worldwide fewer than 600 purebreds are still alive today. To put this into perspective the black rhino and giant panda are considered to be the rarest mammals on earth, but you can still find over 2000 of either in the wild.
In the UK numbers diminished after the second world war and were further reduced as many of the remaining individuals were exported, notably to the USA and Japan. The English population of purebred Cleveland Bays dwindled to a point where only 4 purebred stallions remained in the country. However, in the early 1950s a newly crowned queen Elizabeth II saw the versatility of this very English breed diminishing. She then purchased a purebred stallion called Mulgrave Supreme and was appointed the patron of the Cleveland Bay Horse Society. Many Cleveland Bays can now be found in the Royal Mews as parade and carriage horses; with their confidence, stature and calm nature making them ideal ceremonial horses. Their quiet temperament and trainability have also resulted in their use the world over as military and police horses.
The Cleveland Bay has proven to cross well with most other breeds, producing an athletic, trainable Cleveland Bay Sporthorse. The Cleveland Bay Sporthorse can be seen out competing in all disciplines, from harness to hunting and 3-day-eventing to grand prix dressage. The quiet and unflappable nature of the Cleveland Bay is world renown – to own a Cleveland Bay is to start a life time love affair with the breed.
Characteristics of the breed
Generally around 16 – 16.2hh. Bay in colour with black legs, hooves, mane and tail. Their bodies are deep and wide, their backs are generally short, with muscular, deep quarters and a sloping shoulder that should be deep and strong. The head should be bold and noble, on a long, muscular neck. The eyes are big, well-set and reflect the kindness of this breed. The ears are large and alert. The limbs should be well-set with large joints, a good length of cannon bone, with at least a 9 inch circumference, finished with a good, clean look and a solid black/blue hoof.The action is true, straight and free, with a powerful movement coming from both shoulder and quarters. The temperament is kind, willing and brave.
For more information, you are welcome to contact us
or try the following links:
The Cleveland Bay Horse Society of Australasia:
Cleveland Bay Horse Society (UK):
The Pure Spanish Andalusian
The Andalusian, also known as the Pure Spanish Horse or PRE (Pura Raza Española), is a horse breed from the Iberian Peninsula, where its ancestors have lived for thousands of years. The Andalusian has been recognized as an individual breed since the 15th century, and its conformation has changed very little over the centuries. Throughout its history, it has been known for its prowess as a war horse, and was prized by the nobility.
The breed was used as a tool of diplomacy by the Spanish government, and kings across Europe rode and owned Spanish horses. During the 19th century, warfare, disease and crossbreeding reduced herd numbers dramatically, and despite some recovery in the late 19th century, the trend continued into the early 20th century. Exports of Andalusians from Spain were restricted until the 1960s, but the breed has since spread throughout the world, despite their low population. In 2010, there were more than 185,000 registered Andalusians worldwide.
Strongly built, and compact yet elegant, Andalusians have long, thick manes and tails. Their most common coat color is gray, although they can be found in many other colors. They are known for their intelligence, sensitivity and docility. A sub-strain within the breed known as the Carthusian, is considered by breeders to be the purest strain of Andalusian, though there is no genetic evidence for this claim. The strain is still considered separate from the main breed however, and is preferred by breeders because buyers pay more for horses of Carthusian bloodlines.
The Andalusian is closely related to the Lusitano of Portugal, and has been used to develop many other breeds, especially in Europe and the Americas. Breeds with Andalusian ancestry include many of the warmbloods in Europe as well as western hemisphere breeds such as the Azteca. Over its centuries of development, the Andalusian breed has been selected for athleticism and stamina. The horses were originally used for classical dressage, driving, bullfighting, and as stock horses. Modern Andalusians are used for many equestrian activities, including dressage, show jumping and driving. The breed is also used extensively in movies, especially historical pictures and fantasy epics.